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Nestlé baby milk scandal has grown up but not gone away
The Health Science branch has already produced several products, such as drinks and protein shakes meant to combat malnutrition, diabetes, digestive health, obesity, and other diseases. Retrieved from " https: In the succeeding decades, the two competing enterprises aggressively expanded their businesses throughout Europe and the United States. The company has promised to impose new requirements on all potential suppliers, train boat owners and captains about human rights, [] and hire auditors to check for compliance with new rules. Archived PDF from the original on 14 December

Protecting breastfeeding – Protecting babies fed on formula

Watermelon Milk Shake

Update 46 and Boycott News newsletter: Nestlé Boycott page on Facebook — click here to become a fan and invite your friends. As well as boycott materials, our online Virtual Shop has resources for health workers and mother-support groups to provide independent and accurate information. In truth, babies fed on formula are more likely to become sick than breastfed babies and, in conditions of poverty, more likely to die.

The World Health Organisation says: Nestlé targets pregnant women, mothers of babies and young children and health workers to promote its products and boost its sales. Nestlé also puts babies who need to be fed on formula at risk. It refuses to warn on labels that powdered formula is not sterile and may contain harmful bacteria and does not give correct instructions on how to reduce the risks — unless forced to by law as in the UK, where it markets the SMA brand.

It also takes the lead in undermining regulations implementing the marketing standards. It is now rivalled by Danone, the second biggest company, as a source of violations. Danone is targeted with the DanoNO campaign. See our briefing on Nestlé for examples of Nestlé marketing practices, with images, links and references.

Register with Baby Milk Action to receive email alerts. If you doubt that Nestlé is doing anything wrong, see the monitoring evidence in our Campaign for Ethical Marketing section.

You can register your support for the boycott via our contact page. You can encourage organisations to endorse the Nestlé boycott.

See our sample resolution. It is important to tell Nestlé you are supporting the boycott — even if only for Nestlé-Free Week.

If you would like to hold a meeting, why not order one of the films in our on-line Virtual Shop? Download our leaflet on why to boycott Fairtrade KitKat. Trade barriers crumbled, and world markets developed into more or less integrated trading areas. Since , there have been various acquisitions, including San Pellegrino , Spillers Petfoods , and Ralston Purina In the same time-frame, Nestlé entered in a joint bid with Cadbury and came close to purchasing the iconic American company Hershey's , one of its fiercest confectionery competitors, but the deal eventually fell through.

In January , it took full ownership of Dreyer's, thus becoming the world's largest ice cream maker, with a Nestlé agreed to sell its controlling stake in Alcon to Novartis on 4 January Since , Nestle has been working to transform itself into a nutrition, health and wellness company in an effort to combat declining confectionery sales and the threat of expanding government regulation of such foods.

The Institute aims to develop "a new industry between food and pharmaceuticals" by creating foodstuffs with preventative and corrective health properties that would replace pharmaceutical drugs from pill bottles. The Health Science branch has already produced several products, such as drinks and protein shakes meant to combat malnutrition, diabetes, digestive health, obesity, and other diseases.

In recent years, Nestlé Health Science has made several acquisitions. It also holds a minority stake in Vital Foods, a New Zealand-based company that develops kiwifruit-based solutions for gastrointestinal conditions as of In December , Nestlé announced that it was opening 10 skin care research centres worldwide, deepening its investment in a faster-growing market for healthcare products.

Nestlé announced in January that it was relocating its U. In September , Nestlé S. Nestle set a new profit target in September and agreed to offload over 20 of its US candy brands in January However, sales grew only 2. While some suggestions were adopted, Loeb said in a July letter that the shifts are too small and too slow. In a statement, Nestle wrote that it was "delivering results" and listed actions it had taken, including investing in key brands and its global coffee partnership with Starbucks.

However, activist investors disagreed, leading Third Point Management to launch NestleNOW, a website to push its case with recommendations calling for change, accusing Nestle of not being as fast, aggressive, or strategic as it needs to be.

Activist investors called for Nestle to divide into three units with distinct CEOs, regional structures, and marketing heads - beverage, nutrition, and grocery; spin off more businesses that do not fit its model such as ice cream, frozen foods, and confectionery; and add an outsider with expertise in the food and beverage industry to the board. In , consolidated sales were CHF Research and development investment was CHF 1. According to a global survey of online consumers by the Reputation Institute , Nestlé has a reputation score of As of the board is composed of: The company engages 3rd party lobbying firms to engage with parliaments and governments in various jurisdictions.

For example, in South Australia the company engages Etched Communications. Nestlé has over brands [62] [63] with a wide range of products across a number of markets, including coffee, bottled water , milkshakes and other beverages , breakfast cereals , infant foods , performance and healthcare nutrition , seasonings , soups and sauces , frozen and refrigerated foods, and pet food.

In late September , the Hong Kong government found melamine in a Chinese-made Nestlé milk product. Six infants died from kidney damage, and a further babies were hospitalised.

On 2 October , the Taiwan Health ministry announced that six types of milk powders produced in China by Nestlé contained low-level traces of melamine, and were "removed from the shelves".

As of , Nestlé has implemented initiatives to prevent contamination and utilizes what it calls a "factory and farmers" model that eliminates the middleman. Farmers bring milk directly to a network of Nestlé-owned collection centers, where a computerized system samples, tests, and tags each batch of milk. To reduce further the risk of contamination at the source, the company provides farmers with continuous training and assistance in cow selection, feed quality, storage, and other areas.

The NFSI announced it would work closely with authorities to help provide a scientific foundation for food-safety policies and standards, with support to include early management of food-safety issues and collaboration with local universities, research institutes and government agencies on food-safety. In an incident in , weevils and fungus were found in Cerelac baby food.

In June , an outbreak of E. H7 was linked to Nestlé's refrigerated cookie dough originating in a plant in Danville , Virginia. In the US, it caused sickness in more than 50 people in 30 states, half of whom required hospitalisation. Following the outbreak, Nestlé voluntarily recalled 30, cases of the cookie dough. The cause was determined to be contaminated flour obtained from a raw material supplier. When operations resumed, the flour used was heat-treated to kill bacteria.

In May , Food Safety Regulators from the Uttar Pradesh , India found that samples of Nestlé's leading noodles Maggi had up to 17 times beyond permissible safe limits of lead in addition to monosodium glutamate. In India, Maggi products were returned to the shelves in November , [90] [91] accompanied by a Nestlé advertising campaign to win back the trust of members of the Indian community. Kraft Foods withdrew its sponsorship on 26 September , with Nestlé taking its place. Co-financed by Nestlé and the Walt Disney World Resort, a gradual refurbishment of the pavilion began on 27 September Between and , the pavilion underwent its second major refurbishment.

Nestlé stopped sponsoring The Land in Music festivals On 5 August , Nestlé and the Beijing Music Festival signed an agreement to extend by three years Nestlé's sponsorship of this international music festival.

Nestlé has been an extended sponsor of the Beijing Music Festival for 11 years since The new agreement will continue the partnership through Nestlé has partnered the Salzburg Festival in Austria for 20 years.

In , Nestlé renewed its sponsorship of the Salzburg Festival until Together, they have created the "Nestlé and Salzburg Festival Young Conductors Award," an initiative that aims to discover young conductors globally and to contribute to the development of their careers.

Cycling Nestlé's sponsorship of the Tour de France began in and the agreement was extended in , a move which demonstrated the company's interest in the Tour. In July , Nestlé Waters and the organisers of the Tour de France announced that their partnership will continue until The main promotional benefits of this partnership will spread on four key brands from Nestlé's product portfolio: Vittel, Powerbar, Nesquik, or Ricore. Youth Sports On 27 January , the International Association of Athletics Federations announced that Nestlé will be the main sponsor for the further development of IAAF's Kids' Athletics Programme, which is one of the biggest grassroots development programmes in the world of sports.

The five-year sponsorship started in January Nestlé followed suit after other large sponsors, including Adidas , also stopped supporting the IAAF. A boycott was launched in the United States on 7 July , against the Swiss-based Nestlé corporation. It spread in the United States and expanded into Europe in the early s. It was prompted by concern about Nestlé's "aggressive marketing" of breast milk substitutes, particularly in less economically developed countries LEDCs , largely among the poor.

The boycott was relaunched in Their Assurance Statements are available in the public domain. In May , the debate over Nestlé's unethical marketing of infant formula was relaunched in the Asia-Pacific region.

It was alleged that this contribution affected the release of the report and led to the author of the report submitting an article to Fortune Magazine praising the company's position.

Nestlé has been under investigation in China since over allegations that the company bribed hospital staff to obtain the medical records of patients and push its infant formula to increase sales.

At the second World Water Forum in , Nestlé and other corporations persuaded the World Water Council to change its statement so as to reduce access to drinking water from a "right" to a "need". Nestlé continues to take control of aquifers and bottle their water for profit.

Nestlé backed down from its demand after more than 8, people complained via e-mail to the company about its treatment of the Ethiopian government. The company agreed to re-invest any money it received from Ethiopia back into the country. In , after the cocoa industry had not met the Harkin—Engel Protocol deadline for certifying that the worst forms of child labour according to the International Labour Organization 's Convention had been eliminated from cocoa production, the International Labor Rights Fund filed a lawsuit in under the Alien Tort Claims Act against Nestlé and others on behalf of three Malian children.

The suit alleged the children were trafficked to Ivory Coast , forced into slavery, and experienced frequent beatings on a cocoa plantation. District Court for the Central District of California determined corporations cannot be held liable for violations of international law and dismissed the suit.

The case was appealed to the U. Supreme Court declined to hear Nestlé's appeal of the Ninth Circuit's decision. The documentary The Dark Side of Chocolate brought attention to purchases of cocoa beans from Ivorian plantations that use child slave labour. The children are usually 12 to 15 years old, and some are trafficked from nearby countries. The Assessments of Shared Hazelnut Supply Chain In Turkey, published by the Fair Labor Association , identified "a total of 46 child workers younger than 15 years" as well as "a total of 83 young workers between 15 and 18 years of age working the same hours as adults and performing similar hazardous and strenuous tasks, such as carrying heavy bags of hazelnuts weighing up to 70 kilograms".

In Canada, the Competition Bureau raided the offices of Nestlé Canada along with those of Hershey Canada and Mars Canada in to investigate the matter of price fixing of chocolates. Nestlé and the other companies were subject to class-action lawsuits for price fixing after the raids were made public in A massive class-action lawsuit continues in the United States.

A coalition of environmental groups filed a complaint against Nestlé to the Advertising Standards of Canada after Nestlé took out full-page advertisements in October claiming, "Most water bottles avoid landfill sites and are recycled", " Nestlé Pure Life is a healthy, eco-friendly choice", and, "Bottled water is the most environmentally responsible consumer product in the world. Considerable controversy has surrounded Nestlé's bottled water brand Arrowhead sourced from wells alongside a spring in Millard Canyon situated in a Native American Reservation at the base of the San Bernardino Mountains in California.

While corporate officials and representatives of the governing Morongo tribe have asserted that the company, which started its operations in , is providing meaningful jobs in the area and that the spring is sustaining current surface water flows, a number of local citizen groups and environmental action committees have started to question the amount of water drawn in the light of the ongoing drought, and the restrictions that have been placed on residential water use.

The former forest supervisor Gene Zimmerman has explained that the review process was rigorous, and that the Forest Service "didn't have the money or the budget or the staff" to follow through on the review of Nestlé's long-expired permit.

Firstly, along with the natural resource manager for Nestlé, Larry Lawrence, Zimmerman is a board member for and played a vital role in the founding of the nonprofit Southern California Mountains Foundation, of which Nestlé is the most noteworthy and longtime donor.

In April , the city of Cascade Locks, Oregon and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife , which is using water for a salmon hatchery, applied with the Oregon Water Resources Department to permanently trade their water rights to Nestlé; an action which does not require a public-interest review. Nestlé approached them in and they had been considering to trade their well water with Oregon's Oxbow Springs water, a publicly owned water source in the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, and to sell the spring water at over million gallons of water per year to Nestlé.

The plan has been criticized by legislators and 80, citizens. In May , the US Senate held a public hearing into the promotion of breast milk substitutes in developing countries and joined calls for a Marketing Code. In , WHO and UNICEF hosted an international meeting that called for the development of an international code of marketing, as well as action on other fronts to improve infant and early child feeding practices.

The Code covers infant formula and other milk products, foods and beverages, when marketed or otherwise represented to be suitable as a partial or total replacement of breast milk. It bans the promotion of breast milk substitutes and gives health workers the responsibility for advising parents. It limits manufacturing companies to the provision of scientific and factual information to health workers and sets forth labeling requirements.

In , boycott coordinators met with Nestlé, which agreed to implement the code, and the boycott was officially suspended. In IBFAN alleged that formula companies were flooding health facilities in the developing world with free and low-cost supplies, and the boycott was relaunched the following year. Nestlé claimed in an anti-boycott advertisement that it markets infant formula "ethically and responsibly". The ASA found that Nestlé could not support this nor other claims in the face of evidence provided by the campaigning group Baby Milk Action.

Nestlé declined an invitation to attend, claiming scheduling conflicts, although it sent a representative of the auditing company it had commissioned to produce a report on its Pakistan operation. Alongside the boycott, campaigners work for implementation of the Code and Resolutions in legislation, and claim that 60 countries have now introduced laws implementing most or all of the provisions. Some universities, colleges, and schools have banned the sale of Nestlé products from their shops and vending machines in the period since the revelations.

Nestlé claims that it is in full compliance with the International Code. If we find that the Code has been deliberately violated, we take disciplinary action. In May , the debate over Nestlé's unethical marketing of infant formula was relaunched in the Asia-Pacific region. Mark Thomas attempted to find evidence for claims against Nestlé and to speak to heads of the company. In one portion of the show he "received a tin of baby milk from Mozambique.

All instructions are in English. Portuguese is the official language. A article in The Guardian highlighted aggressive marketing practices by Nestlé in Bangladesh.

The Council of Canadians , a social action organization, launched a boycott in September in response to the company outbidding a small town aiming to secure a long-term water supply through a local well, stressing the need for bottled water industry reform as the country battles drought and depletion of ground water reserves.

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